Uganda proposes to scrap OTT, re-introduce 12% excise duty on internet data

Ugandan government urged to promote responsible social media usage
Ugandan government urged to promote responsible social media usage

Kampala, Uganda | URN | The Government of Uganda has proposed to abolish the payment of Over the Top Tax (OTT) under the Excise Duty (Amendment) Bill, 2021.

The Bill scheduled for tabling on the floor of Parliament by the Minister of Finance Matia Kasaija also proposes the re-introduction of excise duty at a rate of 12 per cent on internet data.

However, according to audit firm- PricewaterhouseCoopers, the Bill proposes exclusion for data used for the provision of medical and education services.

The Over the Top Tax (OTT) or social media tax was first introduced in 2018 and caused a nationwide uproar and protests led by Kyadondo East MP Robert Kyagulanyi. Sections of the public then demanded a reconsideration of the Excise Duty (Amendment) Act, 2018, with a view of removing the 200 Shillings OTT tax that came into effect on July 1, 2018.

This new proposal by the government to repeal the 200 Shillings tax follows last year’s revelation to Parliament’s Finance Committee about plans to drop the Over the Top Tax (OTT) and instead impose a direct tax on mobile data.

The revelation was made by the then Uganda Revenue Authority (URA) Commissioner General Doris Akol who underscored the need to have the tax policy reviewed since it was not performing well.

Read Also: Research questions relevance of social media tax

“Proposing to amend Schedule Two of the Excise Duty Act to look at possibly putting excise duty on data…this would counteract the effects of OTT and make it a bit more efficient to collect tax on data instead of the OTT which is highly evaded and is not performing well,” Akol said then.

In July 2019, URA reported a collection of only 49.5 billion Shillings out of the targeted 284 Billion Shillings from OTT. This meant that URA was unable to collect 234 billion from this tax measure, a shortfall of 83 percent from the estimates.

According to the URA, many Ugandans resorted to using Virtual Private Networks (VPN) and wireless networks in their offices to avoid paying the tax. For OTT, every Ugandan using social media platforms like Facebook and WhatsApp was expected to pay 200 Shillings daily.